The incineration (combustion) process
The incineration (combustion) of carbon-based materials in an oxygen-rich environment (greater than stoichiometric), typically at temperatures higher than 850o, produces a waste gas composed primarily of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). Other air emissions are nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, etc. The inorganic content of the waste is converted to ash. This is the most common and well-proven thermal process using a wide variety of fuels.