CALBE – Recycling waste wood can be a profitable business. This largely depends, however, on high material quality, compliance with ever-increasing environmental requirements and ensuring maximum flexibility and cost-effectiveness of the solution. With its AK 640 K, Doppstadt shows how it is done.Read more
Wood waste is a precious resource that is abundantly available and can be used either for material recycling or energy production, depending on the quality grade.
The term “waste wood” includes all woods and wood-based products that have come to the end of their product lifespan and therefore fall under the definition of waste.
Wood waste recycling is the process of turning waste wood into usable products.
Products generated from scrap wood recycling are used in such sectors as paper production, panel board production, wood pellets, energy production, and more.
The rising cost of waste material disposal and a growing consciousness for the environment also contribute to the increasing importance of waste wood recycling.
A common belief is that by recycling wood waste, the demand for "green timber" will fall and this will benefit the environment.
Table of content:
Can wood be recycled?
Yes, most wood waste can be reused as building material, recycled into mulch for landscaping or pulp for paper production and used profitably as a fuel. Also, reusing and recycling woods reduces the need to cut down trees.
How to recycle wood?
The key to recycling wood is learning how to differentiate between the different types of wood products so you can recycle those that are able to be recycled. The specific wood waste recycling process varies depending upon the type of products being recycled by wood recycling centers and the technologies that are employed. Particularly clean waste wood can be recycled and reused as a new product.
When recycling waste wood, it must be processed in several stages – mostly including these steps:
- Receipt, weighing and quality control
- Sorting in accordance with the waste wood grades
- Primary shredding
- Separating of recyclable material (e.g. metals)
- Secondary (fine) shredding/granulating
Recycled wood grades:
- Grade A: “Clean” recycled wood – material produced from pallets and secondary manufacture etc and suitable for producing animal bedding and mulches.
- Grade B: Industrial feedstock grade – including grade A material plus construction and demolition waste, this is suitable for making panelboard.
- Grade C: Fuel grade – this is made from all of the above material plus that from municipal collections and civic amenity sites and can be used for biomass fuel.
- Grade D: Hazardous waste – This includes all grades of wood including treated material such as fencing and trackwork and requires disposal at special facilities.
(Many wood recycling companies simply define wood waste as ‘clean’, ‘dirty’ – or mixed).
Wood waste management advantages
Successful wood waste management practices and strategies are developed to reduce environmental impacts, save costs and to provide new opportunities.
Environmental impact - The first and most important benefit of wood recycling is saving the trees. Wood recycling also helps reduce environmental impact by preventing less trash from ending up in the landfills.
Reduction energy costs - Wood waste recycling helps reduce energy costs. When products are made out of virgin materials, energy is expended to extract and process these materials, and that includes burning fossil fuels.
New opportunities - Wood waste recycling provides opportunities that keep up with evolving customer demand for recycled products, for example, the expanding avenue of renewable power in the form of biofuel. The sources for biomass feedstock include industrial wood waste, lumber yards, industry wood residues, urban tree waste, and municipal solid wood waste, including construction and demolition debris.
Wood recycling companies
Wood recycling companies differ in the ranges of products they make from waste wood, but the most common products are feedstock for panel board, animal beddings (from clean wood) and biomass fuel. Each wood recycling center will be able to provide more information on their products.
Where to recycling wood?
Wood waste is not accepted in your household recycling bin, but you can take it to most household waste recycling facility. We recommend checking with your local community in the first instance.
Articles about Wood Recycling
BIBERACH AN DER RIß – At Bauma 2019 Liebherr presented two material handling machines: LH 18 M Industry and LH 26 M Industry both models have been specially designed for recycling applications. With these models, Liebherr is positioning itself specifically in the field of small material handling machines, thereby expanding its product portfolio. As an example for its electric material handling technology, Liebherr will present the LH 26 Industry with mobile undercarriage.Read more
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Of that Wurzer Umwelt GmbH is certain. The Wurzer Group has been relying on Lindner’s shredding technology for over ten years and has been successfully using the manufacturer’s new Polaris 2800 in waste wood processing for over a year now.Read more
RTD Crawford Ltd, established in 1978, is a Northern Ireland based wood processor and recycler. At their Lisbellaw site in County Fermanagh, they operate a state-of-the-art, 12,500m2 milling facility, where they produce over 500 different timber profiles.Read more
GALBALLY – To release the full energy potential of biomass as a fuel, the material must be cleaned of impurities and sized properly. Oversize fraction is conveyed to TPS120 Track Picking Station with Air Separation Technology variable speed belt feeder.Read more
Modern shredding technology isn’t just an operational necessity to process wood from an input to an output material – it can increasingly be used to help change the face of a business in the sector. Forest Bioenergy Review speaks to Munich-based recycler Breitsamer Entsorgung to find out how their organisation has evolved as a result of a new machine…Read more
In a challenging waste wood market climate, the targeted and effective processing of used wood is more important than ever. For the past few years Komptech has devoted much effort to developing machines for this purpose, and so can offer economically efficient solutions.Read more
Using recycled wood in the production of particleboard promises economic benefits as well as increased flexibility when purchasing wood. However, it also presents challenges, including fluctuations in the type of contamination, the quality, the size and the moisture content of the furnish.Read more
PITTSBURGH, PA – The burning of biomass leaves a cleaner environmental footprint than coal burning. Biomass is renewable energy. Also, as government regulations around the world mandate electric utilities to find clean and renewable fuels to replace coal or burn with coal, these utilities are turning to biomass for power plant feedstock.Read more
KUCHL – In the timber and wood processing industry, the concept of a circular economy including recycling has been an established part of the production process for a very long time. Wood waste is an important secondary commodity – it can be easily utilized as an energy resource as well as a material.Read more